Delamore

The history of Delamore, Bishopsteignton, and its occupants.

                                                                                       Delamore

                                                                                     Forder Lane

Before the building of Delamore House, the ground was part of West Town Tenement, the property of John Comyns. The Comyns family were major land owners who lived at Wood from 1732 to 1957. John Comyns was parson of St John the Baptist Church from 1801 to 1856.

Delamore is a Grade II Listed House. It was built in the early 19th Century as a particularly fine example of a large villa in substantial grounds. This type of house is characteristic of the development of Bishopsteignton in the early 19th century. A full description of the property can be found in its listing by British Listed Buildings.[1] There is a separate listing for the Garden Walls and Gate Piers to the south of Delamore.

The house and grounds show evidence of decline in the photographs taken by J Evans and M Bannon in 1999. The photographs also show some of the improvements carried out at that time.

In about 2003 a large parcel of land to the north and east of Delamore was sold to the developer Gerald Wood for the building of three houses: Charter House, Bronscombe and Chestnut House.

In 2007 onwards, major changes were made to the house and gardens. In 2009, the Coach House was renovated and converted from a garage into a two bedroom cottage.

19th Century

1813. The Churchwardens’ Records show Delamore as being erected by Thomas Boone. The 1841 census shows Thomas Boone at Cross Cottage Cockhaven Street. He is recorded in the Pigot’s Directory in 1844 as a Builder and Carpenter.

Information included in the Saint John’s Church document on Nelson’s Admirals states, ‘Admiral George Parker, son of Admiral William Parker of the Delamore House Estate, Ivybridge, built Delamore Bishopsteignton in 1813 using local builder Thomas Boone.

Mortimer Family

1813  The Churchwardens’ Records show the tenant was Mortimer.

1815  The occupier is shown as William Mortimer.

William Mortimer has been described as a country gentleman and his eldest son, George Ferris Whidborne Mortimer was born in 1805 in Bishopsteignton.

George Mortimer

George Mortimer 1805-1871
George Mortimer 1805-1871
The Abolition of Slavery Document
The Abolition of Slavery Document

George Mortimer biography Oxford University Press

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Ferris_Whidborne_Mortimer

SCREENSHOT 2019-George Mortimer Book
George Mortimer Book
Mortimer Freedom Of City of London
Freedom Of City of London: Henry Beaufoy Mortimer, son of George Ferris Whidborne Mortimer

1825  The Churchwardens’ Records show that Mrs Cross paid the rate as occupier.

1826  No rate was paid for the house.

Huxham Family

1826. The Churchwardens’ Records show John Huxham as the occupier.

1836. The Tithe Map shows the owner is John Comyns and the occupier is John Huxham.

1841  The census shows the occupier as John Huxham. He was an Attorney at Law and he lived at Delamore with his wife Frances and five children. There were five living-in servants recorded. John Brown Huxham was born in Ashburton, Devon to the Reverend John Huxham and Elizabeth Elliot Brown. He married Frances Lydia Land in 1820 in Exeter. He qualified as a solicitor and was made an Attorney at Law of her Majesty’s Court of the Queen’s Bench at Westminster in 1841.

Delamore 1841 Census
Delamore 1841 Census

Francis Peregrine Huxham

Francis Peregrine Huxham was one of the sons shown on the 1841 census for Delamore. He was born on 19th March 1833 in Bishopsteignton and is recorded as aged 8 on the census. He emigrated to New South Wales Australia where he married Mary Emily Clerk at Armidale in New South Wales. They had nine children. Emily died in 1908 and he died on 19th January 1911 in Chatswood, New South Wales aged 77. Photographs and documents from Ancestry show Francis with his granddaughter Evelyn and also his wife Emily.

Francis Peregrine Huxham
Francis Peregrine Huxham
Mary Emily Huxham nee Clerk
Mary Emily Huxham nee Clerk

Not shown on this census because presumably he was not at Delamore at the time, is another son George Corham Huxham.  He was born in Teignmouth in May 1826. His father John is shown as occupier of Delamore in 1826 where George probably spent his childhood before he left the family home for a career in the army.

George Huxham Baptism Record
George Huxham Baptism Record
Huxham Family Tree
Huxham Family Tree

George Corham Huxham achieved the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the 30th Punjab Infantry. He died  14 November 1874 and there is a plaque  in St John the Baptist Church Bishopsteignton to his memory.

George Huxham Military Record
George Huxham Military Record
George Huxham Memorial Plaque
George Huxham Memorial Plaque

George Huxham served in the Indian Mutiny of 1857 and is buried Taikai Cemetery, Peshawar.

Taikai Cemetery, Peshawar
Taikai Cemetery, Peshawar

https://www.nam.ac.uk/explore/why-did-indian-mutiny-happen 

1844   Pigot’s Directory shows the occupier as Mrs Mary Huxham

 Gardner Family

1851   The 1851 Census shows the occupier as recently widowed General  William Henry Gardner, his daughter Augusta, son-in-law Arthur Ponsonby Moore  and a 4 year old grandson. The grandson was Ponsonby William Moore who became the 9th Earl of Drogheda.  A butler, cook and 4 other servants were also recorded.

Gardner Family Tree
Gardner Family Tree
1851 Census Delamore
1851 Census Delamore

Other interesting entries for Delamore on the 1851 Census is William Gardner’s Granddaughter Agnes Alexandria Moore aged 3 who married Sir Robert Anderson in 1873. He became Assistant Commissioner (Crime) of the Metropolitan Police from 1888 to 1901. Anderson was the highest ranking officer with direct involvement the Jack the Ripper case and was in a position to know more of the evidence and information about the Whitechapel Murders than almost any other officer.

SIR ROBERT ANDERSON 1907
SIR ROBERT ANDERSON 1907

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Anderson_(Scotland_Yard_official)

https://www.jack-the-ripper.org/robert-anderson.htm

1856  The Post Office Directory shows the occupier as General William Henry Gardner.

1857  Hughes’ Directory shows the occupier as General W H Gardner.

1857  Billing’s Directory also shows the occupant as General the Honourable William Hyde Gardner. He actually died on 15th December 1856.

William Henry Gardner

William Henry Gardner was born in 1774 in Jamaica to Susannah Hyde Gale, Baroness Gardner aged 25 and Admiral Alan Gardner, 1st Baron Gardner, aged 32. William’s father was regarded as one of the Georgian era’s most dashing frigate captains and ultimately became a respected senior admiral. He was MP for Plymouth from 1790 to 1796. He then became MP for Westminster until 1806.

Sir Alan Gardner
Sir Alan Gardner

https://morethannelson.com/officer/alan-gardner-1st-baron-gardner/

Susannah Hyde Gale, Baroness Gardner
Susannah Hyde Gale, Baroness Gardner

William Gardner married Elizabeth Lydia Fyers in Gibraltar in 1803. Her grandfather was Joseph Wanton (1705-1780), the Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island. Her grandmother was Mary Winthrop. Mary’s ancestors included John Winthrop Jr.,  the Governor of Connecticut and  John Winthrop, the Governor of Massachusetts and the founder of Boston.

Joseph Wanton, Governor of Rhode Island
Joseph Wanton, Governor of Rhode Island

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Wanton

MARY WINTHROP 1708-1767

Mary Winthrop
Mary Winthrop

MARY WINTHROP 1708-1767

General William Henry Gardner’s military service began in 1793 in the Royal Artillery. He took part in the Walcheren Expedition in 1809 [2] and was present during the siege and capture of Flushing. He was appointed Colonel Commandant of the 10th Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Artillery in April 1846.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1127097/

His wife Lydia passed away in April 1850 aged 62. The following year, William Gardner is recorded as the occupier of Delamore in the 1851 Census.

William Gardner died on December 15, 1856 aged 82 years. An obituary was included in The Illustrated London News in 1857.

General Henry William Gardner's Obiituary, 1857
General Henry William Gardner’s Obituary, 1857

A memorial window to him and the Gardner family can be seen in the south wall of Bishopsteignton Church. The window remembers his sons: Captain Edward Gardner, killed in Burma aged 32; Captain Herbert Gardner who died in the Indian Mutiny in 1856 aged 35 and Lt Henry Gardner who died in 1855 aged 28 years.

Dedication on Memorial Window,Bishopsteignton Church
Dedication on Memorial Window, Bishopsteignton Church
Gardner Family Memorial Window, Bishopsteignton Church
Gardner Family Memorial Window, Bishopsteignton Church

The stained glass window and brass plaques also commemorate his wife Eliza Lydia and his daughters Anne and Mary, his son Admiral Alan Henry Gardner, his son Major General William Bethell Gardner and the two infant daughters of his son Captain Herbert Gardner.

Brass Plaque to Eliza Lydia Gardner, Bishopsteignton Church
Brass Plaque to Eliza Lydia Gardner, Bishopsteignton Church
Brass Plaque to Alan Henry Gardner, Bishopsteignton Church
Brass Plaque to Alan Henry Gardner, Bishopsteignton Church
Brass Plaque to William Bethell Gardner, Bishopsteignton Church
Brass Plaque to William Bethell Gardner, Bishopsteignton Church
Brass Plaque to William Gardner's Two Infant Granddaughters, Bishopsteignton Church
Brass Plaque to Herbert Gardner’s Two Infant Granddaughters, Bishopsteignton Church

William Gardner’s grave can be found to the rear of Bishopsteignton Churchyard beneath the Eastern boundary wall.

William Henry Gardner's Grave, Bishopsteignton Churchyard
William Henry Gardner’s Grave, Bishopsteignton Churchyard
William Henry Gardner's Grave, Bishopsteignton Churchyard
William Henry Gardner’s Grave, Bishopsteignton Churchyard

1861  The only occupiers recorded were Jane Border and Ellen Coves. Both are listed as servants.

1866  Kelly’s Directory and the 1870 Morris’ Directory shows the occupants as the Miss Gardner and Miss Fanny Mackworth.

1871 Census  No record for Delamore was found.

Guerin Family

1881  The 1881 Census for Delamore shows the occupant as Edmund A Guerin.

Edmund Arthur Guerin 1805-1895

Edmund Arthur Guerin was born in 1804 in Bagborough, Somerset. His father was Reverend Joseph Guerin and his mother was Maria Lucy Shuldham. Edmund’s mother died when he was just 13.  Edmund joined the army and spent most of his military career in India. While serving in the army in India, he married Louisa Jane Gilbert on the 20th September 1836 when he was 32 years old. His son Joseph Arthur was born the 12th July 1837 at Anndsbad Bombay Regency, Mumbai.

Little has been found about his service in India but in 1853 he is recorded as a Captain in the 2nd European Regiment Light Infantry at Kurrachee. In the Edinburgh Gazette 28th March 1862, Edmund Guerin is recorded as a Lieutenant Colonel. Further information appears on the biographical details given at the sale of his medals.

Edmund Guerin's Career and Medals Sale
Edmund Guerin’s Career and Medals Sale

His wife Louisa passed away on 26th June 1862 at the age of 47 and she was buried in All Souls Cemetery Kensal Green. The 1871 Census shows Edmund Guerin as living in Arreton Hampshire.

1881  The Census for Delamore not only shows the occupant as Edmund A Guerin but also shows Edmund Guerin’s sister-in-law Mrs Augusta Mackworth and her daughter Fanny Mackworth. It records three servants including Mary Babbage, a housemaid who was born in Bishopsteignton.

1881 Census Delamore
1881 Census Delamore

Mary Jane Babbage

Mary Jane Babbage was born in April 1864 in Bishopsteignton. Her father Samuel was 42, and her mother Ann was 33. The family are recorded in West Town Cottages in the 1871 census when Mary Jane was six years old. As seen in the 1881 census above, Mary Jane is 16 years old and the youngest  of three servants. A photograph from Fanny Mackworth’s Album shows three servants in the grounds of Delamore with the Mackworth family. It is probable that one of the servants is Mary Jane.

Delamore Staff with the Mackworth Family
Delamore Staff with the Mackworth Family

The 1891 Census show Mary Jane living with her 71 year old father Samuel at West Town Cottages and her occupation is recorded as a Dressmaker.

1891 Census for Mary Jane Babbage
1891 Census for Mary Jane Babbage

Mackworth Family

1883 Kelly’s Directory shows the occupants of Delamore as Colonel Edmund Arthur Guerin and his sister-in-law Mrs Augusta Mackworth and her daughter Fanny Mackworth.

A Part of Fanny Mackworth's Family Tree
A Part of Fanny Mackworth’s Family Tree

Augusta Mackworth

Augusta was born in 1809 in Somerset and her father was Joseph Gilbert and her mother Matilda Anne Goefrel. Augusta married Arthur Francis John Mackworth in Mumbai, India in 1831. Arthur Mackworth was the son of Sir Digby Mackworth and Dame Jane Deere.

Augusta Mackworth Marriage, Bombay India
Augusta Mackworth Marriage, Bombay India

In 1834 their daughter Fanny was born while they were India. Sadly, just one year later Augusta’s husband Arthur died of a fever aged just 31. In 1871 Augusta Mackworth and her daughter are recorded on the census in Arreton, Hampshire with Fanny Mackworth’s Uncle Edmund Guerin.

1883  Edmund Guerin’s sister-in-law Augusta Mackworth died aged 74. She had been a widow for almost 50 years.

Augusta Mackworth Death, Probate Record
Augusta Mackworth Death, Probate Record

1890  White’s Directory shows the occupant as Colonel Edmund Arthur Guerin.

The photograph below is from Fanny Mackworth’s photograph album and is most likely to be of her Uncle Edmund Guerin.

Edmund Guerin at Delamore
Possibly Edmund Guerin at Delamore

1891  The 1891 Census shows the occupants as Edmund Guerin, Fanny Mackworth and four servants.

1891 Census Delamore
1891 Census Delamore
Edmund in Delamore Garden
Edmund in Delamore Garden

1895  Colonel Edmund Guerin died aged 90.

1895  Kelly’s Directory shows the occupant of Delamore as Fanny Augusta Mackworth who was Edmund Guerin’s niece.

20th Century

Fanny Augusta Matilda Mackworth

Fanny was born in India in 1834 in Belgaum, Karnataka, India to Augusta Mary Gilbert and Arthur Francis John Mackworth who was the son of Lt. Col. Sir Digby Mackworth and Dame Jane Deere. Just one year after her birth, on 13th September 1835, Fanny’s father Arthur died of fever in Belgaum when he was just 31 years old.

1897  Kelly’s Directory shows the occupant as Miss F A Mackworth.

1901  Census  – no record found

1902  Kelly’s Directory does not show Delamore this year. It shows Miss Mackworth at The Gnoll.

1911  Fanny Mackworth is the occupant of Radway Villa in the 1911 census.

1911 Census Record
1911 Census Record Schedule

Fanny Mackworth lived in Bishopsteignton until her death in 1926 aged 92. A plaque recording her death and in memory of her father, his infant daughter and her mother, can be found in Bishopsteignton Church.

Mackworth Memorial Plaque in Bishopsteignton Church
Mackworth Memorial Plaque in Bishopsteignton Church

Another lasting legacy of Fanny Mackworth is a small photograph album. This provides a valuable photographic archive for the village.

Fanny Mackworth's Photo Album
Fanny Mackworth’s Photo Album

Here are the photographs as they appear in the album.

Delamore3 House

Delamore4 House:Garden

Delamore5 Entrance,Cedar Tree

Delamore6 Bishopsteignton (1)

Delamore6 Bishopsteignton (1)

Delamore8 MaleStaff

Delamore9 Man with Beard

Delamore11 Lady in Orangery

Delamore12 Man in Orangery

Delamore12 Miss Mackworth

Delamore13 Miss Mackworth2

Delamore14 Estuary View
Estuary View
Delamore15 Sea View Teignmouth
Sea View Ansty’s Cove
Delamore16 Louisa
Louisa

Delamore17 Staff in Garden +?

Delamore18 Lady with Horse

Delamore19 Bathing Huts

Bathing huts, Ansty’s Cove

Delamore20 Baby Portrait 1

1911   The 1911 Census shows Christopher Hill as Dairyman at Delamore Dairy. Christopher Hill was born in 1868. His parents were David and Louisa Hill. This 1881 Census shows the Hill family at The Manor Inn on Fore Street.

1881 Census Manor Inn, Hill Family
1881 Census Manor Inn, Hill Family
The Manor Inn
The Manor Inn, Fore Street
The Manor Inn today.
The Manor Inn.
Section of Hill Family Tree
Section of Hill Family Tree

Christopher Hill married Jessie Ann Downing in April 1891 when he was 23 years old. They are shown in the 1891 census as living on Fore Street.

Christopher John Hill
Christopher John Hill
Jessie Annie Hill
Jessie Annie Hill
David Hill , 1860-1897
David Hill , 1860-1897

In 1897 Christopher Hill’s brother William died in Bishopsteignton aged 29 years old

The Kelly’s Directory of Dairymen of 1910 shows Christopher John Hill at Delamore Dairy and the 1911 Census shows him and Jessie and their four children at Delamore Dairy.

1910 Kelly's Trade Directory, Dairymen, Christopher Hill
1910 Kelly’s Trade Directory, Dairymen, Christopher Hill
1911 Census, Delamore Dairy
1911 Census, Delamore Dairy
1911 Census Schedule Delamore Dairy
1911 Census Schedule Delamore Dairy

Ancestry records show the Christopher’s father David Hill died in 1890 and his mother Louisa Hill died in 1902. Their grave can be seen in Bishopsteignton Church.

David and Louisa's Grave, Bishopsteignton
David and Louisa’s Grave, Bishopsteignton
David and Louisa's Grave, Bishopsteignton
David and Louisa’s Grave, Bishopsteignton

Christopher John Hill died in 1944 in Totnes when he was 76 years old. Jessie died in 1955 in Totnes when she was 90 years old.

Thomson Family

1911  The 1911 Census shows the occupant of Delamore as Henry Fraser Braley-Thomson. He was born in 1875 in Stoke Newington, London. He is recorded on the census as aged 35 and as a Civil Engineer. Also recorded are his mother Helen Thomson aged 72, his sister Isabelle Thomson aged 48 and Adam Thomson a visitor aged 45. Also recorded are a niece and two servants one of whom is described as a Groom/Gardener.

1911 CENSUS DELAMORE
1911 CENSUS DELAMORE

1913  Henry-Braley-Thomson aged 37, married Agnes Jane Charles, aged 50 in January 1913 in Newton Abbot, Devon.

Section From Thomson Family Tree
Section From Thomson Family Tree
Helen Thomson

1916   Henry Braley-Fraser’s mother Helen Thomson died 4th  May 1916.

Death/Probate record for Helen Thomson of Delamore in 1916
Death/Probate record for Helen Thomson of Delamore in 1916

1919. Kelly’s records Henry Fraser Braley-Thomson as resident at The Gnoll. It also shows Miss Thomson as resident at Delamore.

Kelly's Directory 1919 showing Henry Thomson at The Gnoll and a Miss Thomson at Delamore.
Kelly’s Directory 1919 showing Henry Thomson at The Gnoll and a Miss Thomson at Delamore.
Isabelle Thomson

The 1911 Census record for Delamore shows Thomas Munto as a groom and one of the photographs from Fanny Mackworth’s Album shows a lady with a horse. Could this be Isabelle Thomson who continued to live at Delamore after her brother moved to the Gnoll?

Delamore Lady with Horse
Delamore Lady with Horse

1923  Kelly’s Directory records Henry Braley-Thomson at The Gnoll.

Kelly's Directory 1923 Record of Henry Braley-Thomson' at The Gnoll
Kelly’s Directory 1923 Record of Henry Braley-Thomson at The Gnoll

1931  Isabella Thomson died aged 68. She is recorded as a spinster and still living at Delamore.

1936  Agnes Jane Braley-Thomson died on 14th March 1936.

1939   Henry Fraser Braley-Thomson aged 75 was recorded  on the 1939 Census as a widower,  a retired civil engineer and  living at The Gnoll. 

1939 Census for The Gnoll
1939 Census for The Gnoll
The Gnoll, Smith Hill 2019 1
The Gnoll, Smith Hill
The Gnoll, Smith Hill 2019 2
The Gnoll, Smith Hill
The Gnoll, Smith Hill 2019 3
The Gnoll, Smith Hill

1954  Henry Fraser Braley-Thomson died on 13th January 1954 when he was 78 years old.

Henry Braley-Thomson Probate Record
Henry Braley-Thomson Probate Record

To be continued………